In The Land Of Mannon
An Outline Of The History Of America's Beloved First
And Some Of Their Choice Friends
1897: Long-established Union Pacific Railroad (UPR) bankrupted.
1898: Edward Henry Harriman & legal partner, Judge Robert Scott
Lovett, buy UPR for $110 million, a deal brokered by New York-based
Kuhn Loeb investment bank house, of which Felix Warburg was a partner.During
this period, Samuel Prescott Bush was president of the Buckeye Steel
1914: With war looming, Percy A. Rockefeller took control of the arms
manufacturer, Remington Arms & appoints Samuel F. Pryor as CEO.
1918: Robert Scott Lovett (above) now president of UPR. Samuel Prescott
Bush (above) made director of the facilities division of the US War
Industries Board under its chairman Bernard Baruch & his assistant,
the banker Clarence Dillon.
Nov.1919: George Herbert Walker forms W.A.Harriman & Co. bank -
with Walker as president & chief executive, & Averell Harriman
(son of Edward Henry Harriman - above) as chairman (He was to become
US Ambassador to the USSR [43 - 46]; US Secretary of Commerce
[46 - 48]; & Governor of NY State [55 - 59])
1920: Averell Harriman & George Herbert Walker of W.A.Harriman &
C0. gain control of the German Hamburg-Amerika Line after negotiations
with the latters chief executive, William Cuno, & Max Warburg
of the shipping lines bankers, M.M. Warburg. The American holding
now known as the American Ship & Commerce Corp. (ASCC). Samuel F.
Pryor (above) of Remington Arms had been involved in the deal &
now served on the board of ASCC.(Cuno was subsequently to become a heavy
contributor to Nazi Party funds). It should be noted that Averell Harriman
was chairman of UPR from 1920-1946.
1922: Averell Harriman set up a branch of W. A. Harriman & Co. in
Berlin under the residency of his partner, George H. Walker.
Oct. 1923: Fritz Thyssens contributions to the Nazi Party began
with a donation of 100,000 marks (ref: his book I Paid Hitler
Prior to 24: As revealed in a US government memorandum dated Oct.
5 42 to the Executive Committee of the office of the Alien Property
Custodian: W. Averell Harriman was in Europe sometime prior to
1924 & at that time became acquainted with Fritz Thyssen, the German
industrialist, and they agreed to set up a bank for Thyssen in
New York. It adds that the Thyssen agent H. J. Kouwenhoven..came
to the United States..prior to 1924 for conferences with the Harriman
company in this connection.
1924: W.A.Harriman & Co invested $400,000 in setting up Union Banking
Corp. (UBC) in New York to act in partnership with the Thyssen-owned
Bank voor Handel en Scheepvart (Bank for Trade and Shipping, BHS) in
Holland. The UBC was now in a position to transfer funds back &
forth between the US and Thyssens companies in Germany - his Vereinigte
Stahlwerke (United Steel) in particular. Prescott Sheldon Bush Snr.
(son of Samuel Bush, & son-in-law of George H Walker) joins the
Harriman - controlled US Rubber Co.
1926: Prescott S. Bush Snr. made Vice-President of W. A. Harriman &
Co. The Wall Street banker, Clarence Dillon (an old colleague of Prescott
S. Bush Snr.s father, Sam Bush - see above), of Dillon Read, set
up the German Steel Trust with Thyssen & partner, Friedrich Flick,
whereby Dillon Read would handle the Trusts corporate banking
in return for two Dillon Read representatives being on the board of
the German Steel Trust, whose chief executive was Albert Voegler, another
German industrialist who was to help Hitler into power. He (Voegler)
also held directorships in the BHS bank, & the Hamburg-Amerika Line.
The UBC was by now in partnership with Friedrich Flicks vast steel,
coal & zinc conglomerate operating in Germany & Poland - the
Silesian Holding Co. Walker, Bush, & Harriman now owned one third
of Flicks conglomerate, calling their holding the Consolidated
Silesian Steel Corp.
1930/31; As admitted by Fritz Thyssen during interrogation in
Sept. 45, he arranged with Rudolph Hess for the transfer of about
250-300,000 marks via his (Thyssens) Dutch bank BHS to the
Nazi Party - adding it was about the sum Id given before.
In total, he had donated & loaned more than one million dollars
to the Nazi Party.
Jan. 1 31: W. A. Harriman & Co. merged with the British-American
investment house, Brown Brothers, resulting in Prescott S. Bush Snr.,
Thatcher M. Brown & the two Harriman brothers being the senior partners
of the new Brown Brothers Harriman firm. A board member of Brown Bros.,
Robert A. Lovett (son of Robert Scott Lovett [above] & Asst. Sec.
for Air [in WW2]; Under Sec. of State [47 - 49]; Dep. Sec.
of Defense [50 - 51]; Secretary of Defense [51 - 53]),
an American whose father had served on the War Industries Board of WW
1 with Sam Bush [above]), became another partner in the newly- merged
firm. Prescott S. Bush Snr. now ran the New York office of the the newly-merged
firm, while Thatcher Brown ran the London end. vCertain pertinent facts
about Brown Bros. are worthy of note here: Montagu Collet Norman, governor
of the Bank of England & well-known Nazi sympathiser, was not only
an ex-Brown Bros. partner - his grandfather had also been boss of Brown
Bros. during the American Civil War when they (Brown Bros.) were shipping
75% of slave cotton from the southern states of America to British mills.
1932: As reported by the US embassy in Berlin to Washington not long
before Hitlers taking over of power, questions were being raised
as to who were the financial backers behind the Nazi Party electioneering
& their 300,000 - 400,000 SA & SS troops - adding that the American-owned
Hamburg-Amerika Line was funding propaganda against the German governments
attempts to disband these troops!
Jan. 1933: Hitler assumes power in Germany.
Mar. 7 33: Prescott S. Bush Snr. notified Max Warburg (above)
that he (Warburg) was to be the American Ship & Commerce Line official
representative on the board of the Hamburg- Amerika Line. Warburg had
been a long-time advisor to Hjalmar Schacht (German Economics Minister
& a close friend of Montagu Norman), & was an executive in the
Reichsbank. A further pertinent connection: Max Warburgs brothers
ran the Kuhn Loeb investment bank, which had handled E. H. Harrimans
buy-out of the Union Pacific Railroad in the 1890s (above).
Mar. 29 33: As revealed in Moshe Gottliebs book American
Anti-Nazi Resistance 33 - 41, Max Warburgs son,
Erich, cabled his cousin, Frederick Warburg - who was a director of
the Union Pacific Railroad - instructing him to use his influence to
stop all anti-Nazi propaganda & activity in America.
Mar. 31 33: As a result: the American-Jewish committee (within
which the Warburgs had much influence) & The Bnai Brith
(which subsequently became known as the Anti-Defamation League) issued
a joint statement counselling that no American boycott against
Germany be encouraged!
May. 20. 33: As reported in the New York Times: on Hitler achieving
power, an agreement to coordinate all trade between Germany & America
was reached in Berlin after negotiations between Hitlers Economics
Minister, Hjalmar Schacht (above) & John Foster Dulles. As a result
of this, the Harriman International Co. - under Oliver Harriman (Averells
first cousin) - formed a syndicate of 150 firms/individuals to conduct
all exports from Germany to America. It should be noted here that the
two Dulles brothers, partners in the corporate law firm Sullivan &
Cromwell, had acted for many Nazi enterprises during & after this
period, including I. G. Farben, developer of the nerve gas, Tabun; SKF,
supplier of 60% of its bearings to Germany; & the Schroeder Banking
house, of which Allen Welsh Dulles became a director of its New York
branch - a post he held until 1944. (Further pertinent details of the
Dulles brothers: J. F. Dulles became Secretary of State [53 -
59]; A. W. Dulles became CIA Deputy Director for Plans ;
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence [51 - 53]; &
Director of CIA [53 -61]).
Sept. 5 33: North German Lloyd Co. merged with Hamburg-Amerika
Line in Hamburg.
Nov. 4 33: American Ship & Commerce Corp. (owners of Hamburg-Amerika
- see above) installed long-time Harriman executive, Christian Beck
as manager of freight & operations in North America
for this newly-merged company, now known as Hapag-LLoyd, whose chairman
was Emil Helfferich, a Nazi. Nazi security guards accompanied all shipping
so engaged in this trade.
Sept. 34: At the US Senate Nye Committee hearings, it was revealed
that Samuel Pryor, executive ctte. chairman of Remington arms &
founding director of both the UBC & the American Ship & Commerce
Corp., had joined in a cartel agreement with I. G. Farben, the German
chemical/armaments conglomerate (see above). It was further revealed
that the Nazi troops (noted above) were nearly all armed with
Dec. 7 41: Japanese bomb Pearl Harbour - US now in World War 2.
Aug. 28 42: Under the Trading with the Enemy Act, the US government
- via Leo T. Crowley, the US Alien Property Custodian - ordered the
seizure of all property of Hapag-LLoyd.
Oct. 20 42: Leo T. Crowley, the US Alien Property Custodian -
seized the stock shares of the Union Banking Corp. of New York, whose
shareholders were: Chm./Dir. E. Rowland Harriman (of Brown Brothers
Harriman); Pres./Dir. Cornelis Lievense (banking functionary for the
Nazis); Treasurer/Dir. Harold D. Pennington (of Brown Brothers Harriman);
Dir. Ray Morris (of Brown Brothers Harriman); Dir. Prescott S. Bush
Snr.(of Brown Brothers Harriman); Dir. H.J. Kouwenhoven (Dir./Chief
foreign financial exec. of German Steel Trust & the man who had
brokered the deal between Fritz Thyssen & the UBC); Dir. Johann
G. Groeninger (Industrial Exec. in Nazi Germany). These seized shares
were described in the Vesting Order as shares held for the benefit
of members of the Thyssen family, property of nationals.. of a designated
Oct. 28 42: US government seized 2 Nazi front companies - the
Seamless Steel Equipment Corp. & Holland-American Trading Corp.
- both run by the UBC.
.Nov. 17 42: Nazi financial interests (only) in Silesian-American
Corp. (above) seized, leaving US partners (UBC) to carry on the
Jul. 2 45: As revealed by the US Treasury Dept. in hearings before
a 79th Congress committee: the Vereinigte Stahlwerke (see above) had
produced the following proportions of Nazi Germanys total output:
Pig iron 50.8%; Pipe & tubes 45.5%; Universal plate 41.4%; Galvanised
sheet 38.5%; Heavy plate 36%; Explosives 35%; Wire 22.1%.
1954: George Herbert Walker Bush Snr. (son of Prescott S. Bush Snr.,
grandson of Samuel Bush & George Walker - see above) now president
of Zapata Offshore (oil drilling company). He had previously joined
Dresser Industries & subsequently co-founded the Bush-Overby Development
Co. (both in oil).
71 - 72: George Herbert Walker Bush Snr. made US ambassador
1972: George Bush Snr. made chairman of the Republican Party National
74 - 75: In aftermath of President Nixons resignation,
President Gerald Ford appointed George Bush Snr. to head the US Liaison
Office in Beijing
Jan. 30 76 - Mar. 9 77: George Bush Snr. Director of CIA.
1979: During Jimmy Carters presidency, & as a result of the
Sandanista rebellion led by Daniel Ortega, the Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio
Somoza fled the country.
Jan. 20 81: Ronald Reagan now president with George Bush Snr.
his Vice-President. Defeat of the left-wing Sandanistas became an immediate
aim of the Reagan Administration, & this was to be implemented using
secretive methods (which were later to prove illegal) under the control
of the Special Situations Group, whose chairman was Vice-President George
Bush Snr. (who had wrested this post from Secretary of State Alexander
Haig early on). Enter Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver North who served on
both the Inter-Departmental Group on Terrorism & the Terrorist Incident
Working Group - both under Bush. They were to set-up, finance &
arm an anti-Sandanista militia, the Contras, using neighbouring Guatemala
as a training ground.
1983: Contras begin offensive against Sandanistas in Nicaragua.
Apr. 84: US congress refuses to authorise $24 million aid to Contras
requested by Reagan.
Sept. 84: The small oil company Arbusto Energy Inc. founded by
George Walker Bush Jnr. (eldest son of George H. W. Bush Snr.) in the
mid-70s proves to be an unsuccessful venture & is bought out
by another oil company, Spectrum 7 Energy Corp. George W. Bush Jnr.
is made president of Spectrum.
Oct. 84: Congress cuts off any funding & support to the Contras.
John Ellis (Jeb) Bush, the 2nd eldest son of George Bush
Snr. - & a real estate developer - had been acting as the Reagan
administrations unofficial link with Contra & Nicaraguan exiles
in Miami. He also put the right-wing Guatemalan politician, Dr. Mario
Castejon, in touch with Oliver North, which led to Castejon & Henry
Whaley ( a former arms dealer) proposing that the State Department supply
medicines, field hospitals & light aircraft to the Contras. This
proposal was passed to the CIA via TGS International, a firm owned by
Ted Shackley, who had served as Associate Deputy Director of Operations
in the CIA under George Bush Snr. (76 -77).
Dec. 85: Congress partially lifts ban on Contra aid, & authorises
$13 million in aid - plus $27 million for humanitarian aid.
1986: Behind-the-scenes machinations of the US Administration becomes
public knowledge with the revelation of the illegal Arms for Hostages
scandal - known as the Iran-Contra affair. The Spectre 7
Energy Corp. (above) proves to be another unsuccessful venture for George
W. Bush Jnr. It is sold to another small oil company, Harken Energy
Corp., a deal whereby the partners in Spectrum received $2 million worth
of shares in Harken, & George Bush Jnr. was made director &
consultant of the Harken - with the added bonus of $600,000 extra shares.
Oct. 86: US Congress lifts remaining ban & authorises £100
million aid to Contras.
1987: In a CBS interview with Jane Wallace, Michael Mickey
Tolliver, a pilot involved in the trade of drugs, revealed details of
one flight he had made involving the Contras: he had flown to Honduras
with a cargo of 28.000 lbs of guns & ammunition, & after a 3-day
rest there he had returned with a cargo of 25,360 lbs of marijuana -
landing at the US Airforce Base in Homestead, Florida, where the cargo
was unloaded! He had been paid $75.000.
Mar. 11 88: Robert McFarlane (Reagans National Security
Advisor 83 - 85) found guilty of criminal charges of witholding
information from Congress about secret aid to the Contras.
Mar. 16 88: John Poindexter (National Security Advisor from 85
- 86) & Oliver North (National Security Council - see above)
both charged with conspiracy to defraud the US Government - but trials
Late 88: US Federal Regulators shut down Silverado Banking Savings
& Loan co., due, primarily, to non-repayment of questionable loans
they had made. Neil Bush (3rd son of George Bush Snr.) had been director
of Silverado from 85.
Jan. 20 89: George Bush Snr. inaugurated as president of US.
May 89: Oliver North convicted on 3 counts, & in July 89
is fined $150,000 - plus a 3-year suspended jail sentence.
June 89: President George Bush Snr. imposed economic sanctions
on China as a result of Tiananmen Square killings. Soon after these
sanctions were imposed, the Presidents older brother, Prescott
Bush Jnr. of the consultancy firm Prescott Bush Resources, was hired
by Asset Management International Financing & Settlement at a fee
of $250,000 for consultation re-its (Assets) joint venture with
China to set up the latters internal communications network. (This
involved $300 million worth of Hughes Aircraft satellites - a key component
of the deal). Concurrent with this, Prescott Bush Jnr. was also acting
as middleman for the buying-out of Asset Management by West Tsusho,
a Tokyo-based investment firm controlled by the Inagawakai branch of
the Yakuza, the well-known politically influential Japanese Mob. For
this he received a $250,000 finders fee & promised
an annual retainer of $250,000 for the next 3 years - as consultant.
Nov. 89: US Congress passed additional sanctions specifically
barring the export of US satellites to China - unless the president
found the sale in the national interest.
Dec. 19 89: President George Bush Snr. lifted the sanctions, citing
the national interest.
1990: Orlando Bosch, an anti-Castro Cuban, leader of the Coordination
of United Revolutionary Organisations, who had masterminded many bombings
in Cuba & a Cuban airliner over Barbados on October 5th 76,
had finally been imprisoned in 88 in Miami for firing a bazooka
at a Polish freighter in Miami harbour. He is now paroled after John
Ellis Bush has lobbied his fathers administration for his release
Jan. 90: Somewhat surprisingly for a small company, Harken Energy
Corp. clinches a deal with the Gulf State of Bahrain, whereby the latter
gives Harken exclusive right for oil & gas exploration. The report
of the Office of Thrift Supervision into the failure of Silverado Banking
revealed that Neil Bush (see above) had failed to disclose to Silverado
Banking (on whose board he sat) his business connections with Ken Good
& Bill Walters who had defaulted on $132 million in loans from Silverado.
Good had given Neil Bush a $100,000 loan to invest in the commodities
market. Neil Bush had Silverado write a letter of recommendation to
Argentina, where Good International - in partnership with Neil Bushs
oil company JNB Exploration (which he had founded in 83) - was
exploring for gas & oil. Bill Walters had contributed $150,000 to
the initial capitalisation of JNB, and - through his bank Cherry Creek
National Bank -had extended a $1.5 million line of credit to JNB (from
which he, Bush, had drawn a salary of $500,000 over the next 5 years).
Apr. 7 90: John Poindexter convicted on 5 counts, & sentenced
to 6 months imprisonment - but convictions of both North & Poindexter
subsequently set aside.
June 22 90: George W. Bush Jnr. sold $848,560 of his Harken shares
- & one week later the company announces a $23 million loss for
the past quarter, & loses a further 60% of its value over the following
6 months. As the News & World Report noted at the time:
Bush Jnr. had recently been appointed by Harken to study the possible
economic restructuring of the company!
Aug. 2 90: Iraq invades Kuwait.
Mar. 91: Asset Management (see above) goes bankrupt, & the
following year West Tsusho filed a $2.5 million suit against Prescott
Bush Jnr. for not protecting their $5 million investment in Asset Management.
Apr.19 91: US Government declared Neil Bush a bankrupt & imposed
sanctions on him for violating conflict of interest rules.
1992: Caspar W. Weinberger (Secretary of Defense 81 - 87)
indicted on 5 counts of lying to Congress.
Dec. 24 92: President George Bush Snr., having just been defeated
by Clinton, pardons all those principal players (above) in the Iran-Contra
1998: George W. Bush Jnr. governor of Texas (for the second time); John
Ellis (Jeb) Bush governor of Florida.
Jan. 20 2001: George W. Bush inaugurated as president of the USA
(with not a little help from his brother Jeb).
- Nazi Link Confirmed
by John Buchanan, The New Hampshire Gazette, October 10, 2003
Grandfather Was Director Of Bank Affiliated With Hitler
by John Buchanan, The New Hampshire Gazette
Grandfather Director Of Bank With Hitler Ties
by John Buchanan, October 17, 2003
Bush Ancestor's Bank Seized By Government
by Jonathan D. Salant, Associated Press Writer
Family Had Links To Bank With Ties To Hitler Supporter
by Jonathan Salant, Washington D.C., October 21, 2003