U.S. 'Go-It-Alone' Decisions

AP Online, July 25, 2001

The United States' decision to stay out of the proposed enforcement agreement to stop germ warfare is the latest in a string of go-it-alone stances by Washington.

July 25, 2001: The United States rejects nearly seven years of negotiations on enforcement measures for the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. U.S. chief negotiator Donald A. Mahley says the agreement ''would put national security and confidential business information at risk'' without preventing germ warfare.

July 21, 2001: U.S. threats to walk out result in nations giving in to Washington's demands to water down an agreement on curbing illegal trafficking in small arms. In accordance with U.S. wishes, calls to limit weapon sales and restrict civilian gun ownership are removed.

June 1, 2001: Geneva meeting to draw up an agenda for next month's racism conference in Durban, South Africa ends in deadlock over whether nations that benefited from slavery should formally apologize and pay compensation proposals the United States opposes.

May 1, 2001 President Bush announces he wants to go ''beyond the constraints'' of the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty so Washington can develop a defense system against a limited missile attack by ''rogue'' states.

March 28, 2001 Bush announces the United States is abandoning the 1997 Kyoto Protocol that aims to cut emissions of so-called greenhouse gases, blamed for warming Earth's atmosphere. The climate-change protocol was adopted in July without the United States.

Jan. 2, 2001 President-elect Bush's spokesman says the new administration will demand changes to the treaty creating the International Criminal Court before sending it to the U.S. Senate for ratification. The accord to create the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal is ''flawed,'' says Ari Fleischer. President Clinton signed the accord two days earlier, but recommended that Bush clear up U.S. misgivings before seeking ratification.

Oct. 13, 1999 The Republican-controlled U.S. Senate rejects the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty that aims to stop all nuclear testing, even though the Clinton administration had negotiated and signed the treaty.

December 1997 The United States refuses to sign the Ottawa Treaty that aims to rid the world of anti-personnel land mines. It demands an exception to allow it to use land mines to protect its troops in South Korea. Washington still refuses to go along with the accord.

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